Zone A: The Monument Park

With a vast reach that existed throughout many lands, the Islamic Empire had indeed been an influence on the peoples and their daily lives. As a way of life, rather than as a mere religion, creed or system of belief, all aspects of Muslim life have a guide to it, be it from the divine scripture of Al Quranul Karim or the sunnah - ways and mannerisms - of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.

Whenever Islam entered a locality, it infused itself onto the national norms, mores and in fact, consciousness. Interestingly, this also operates both ways. Thus, for each community where Islam has a foothold, Islam is an influence and is, by reciprocation, influenced. It is precisely this ‘cultural context’ that has culminated in the most beautiful forms of design that has sprung from Muslim minds.

This has been the guiding light for TTI, whereby each of the monument showcased is a wondrous example of the peoples’ ideas, thoughts and states of mind. The monuments section is a peek into the past, a reminiscent recollection, as well as a magnificent museum of Islamic architecture.

 

The Monuments
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National Mosque, Malaysia
Built in 1965 as a tribute to Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, its main roof is reminiscent of an open Royal Parasol, and the minaret’s cap a folded one.
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Kudus Al-Minar Mosque, Indonesia
Built in 1549 by Sunan Kudus (Ja’far Shodiq), its unique feature is the harmonization of Hindu-Javanese style with an Islamic function, epitomized in its tower resembling a Chandi, typically found in Hindu temples.
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Pattani Mosque, Thailand
Built in 1954 during the administration of Field Marshal Sarit, this mosque resembling the Taj Mahal is the focal point of Thai Muslims and a centre for religious ceremonies.
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Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, Brunei
Built in 1958 in Bandar Seri Begawan and named after the 28th Sultan of Brunei, this mosque was designed by an Italian architect. Its golden-domed structure is the tallest building in the city.
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Taj Mahal, India
The fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, as a symbol of his eternal love for her.
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Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan
Once, the largest the mosque in the world with a capacity of 65,000 Muslims, this mosque was built in 1673 A.D. by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir.
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Dome of The Rock (Qubbah As-Sakhrah)
Built in 692 C.E. under the patronage of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Al – Malik ibn Marwan, it enshrines the Sacred Rock and commemorates the Prophet Muhammad’s Ascension to the heavens to visit God.
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Great Mosque of Samara, Iraq
Commissioned by Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil in the 19th century and built entirely of bricks and clay, today it stands majestically in the largest ancient city in the world, just north of Baghdad.
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Lutfallah Mosque, Iran
An outstanding example of Islamic architecture and once used as a royal mosque, it was built in the 17th century by Sheikh Lutfallah Maisi Al-Amili, a distinguished scholar and teacher.
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Mausoleum of Abu Nasr Parsa, Afganistan
Built in the 17th century in Timurid style, the shrine in this octagonal structure is dedicated to an eminent theologian, Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa who was a spiritual leader of the Naqshbandi order.
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The Sacred Mosque (Masjidil Haram), Saudi Arabia
This mosque houses the holiest place in the world for all Muslims, the Ka’bah in Arabic, Ka’bah means “a high place with respect and prestige” and Muslims all over the world face the Ka’bah during prayers.
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Aleppo Citadel, Syria
Estimated to have been built during the 10th Century B.C, it became a citadel under the Seleucids. Saladin’s son, Ghazi used it both as a residence and fortress.
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Mohammad Ali Mosque (Alabaster Mosque), Egypt
Also known as the Alabaster Mosque owing to the extensive use of this fine material, this mosque was built by Mohamed Ali whose reign is known as the beginning of the Egyptian renaissance.
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The Prophet’s Mosque (Al-Nabawi), Saudi Arabia
Madinah, in full is Madinat Rasul Allah which means “City of the Prophet of Allah” and is the second holiest site in Islam. This mosque was built on the site of Muhammad’s home and where he was buried.
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Suleyman Mosque, Turkey
This mosque was built in 1557, during the 46 year reign of Suleyman of the Ottoman Empire. It housed infirmaries, a medical school, a hospital, shops, cells and arms-houses.
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The Great Mosque of Qairawan, Tunisia
Built in 670 by Uqba ibn Nafi, this is the oldest Islamic monument in Tunisia with the oldest dated minaret. Today, having been rebuilt three times, this mosque symbolises equality in Qairawan.
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Al-Hambra Citadel, Spain
Al-Hambra (Red Castle) is an ancient palace and fortress complex built between 1238-1354, in the reigns of Mohammed bin Ahmar, the first Nasrid King.
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Kalyan Minaret, Uzbekistan
Built in 1127 A.D. by Arslan-Khan, the minaret, made of baked bricks, is a flawless example of both civil engineering and superior architectural creation.
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Agadez Grand Mosque, Niger
Built in the 16th century when the city was at its height, this mosque is made of dried earth and is topped by a pyramid-shaped minaret spiked with 13 rows of stakes to strengthen the structure.
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Kul Sharif Mosque, Russia
Once left in ruins, the reconstruction of this mosque following the collapse of the Soviet Union is reflective of Kazan’s 1,000 year long history and its design is reminiscent of the historical surrounding of the Kremlin.
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Minaret of Xian, China
This mosque that was founded in 1392 by Naval Admiral Haj Cheng Ho during the Tang Dynasty typifies a Buddhist temple, however its grand axis is aligned from east to west, facing Mecca.